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Ruffians, Yakuza, Nationalists

The Violent Politics of Modern Japan, 1860-1960
Sofort lieferbar | Lieferzeit: Sofort lieferbar I
Eiko Maruko Siniawer
Cornell University Press
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
eBook Format:
2 - DRM Adobe

Violence and democracy may seem fundamentally incompatible, but the two have often been intimately and inextricably linked. In Ruffians, Yakuza, Nationalists, Eiko Maruko Siniawer argues that violence has been embedded in the practice of modern Japanese politics from the very inception of the country's experiment with democracy. As soon as the parliament opened its doors in 1890, brawls, fistfights, vandalism, threats, and intimidation quickly became a fixture in Japanese politics, from campaigns and elections to legislative debates. Most of this physical force was wielded by what Siniawer calls "violence specialists": ruffians and yakuza. Their systemic and enduring political violence-in the streets, in the halls of parliament, during popular protests, and amid labor strife-ultimately compromised party politics in Japan and contributed to the rise of militarism in the 1930s.
IntroductionPolitical Violence in Historiographical PerspectiveViolence, Violence Specialists, and PoliticsViolence and DemocracyApproaches to Comparative HistoryChapter 1. Patriots and Gamblers: Violence and the Formation of the Meiji StateShishi: Assassins, Rebels, PatriotsShishi Legacies in the Early Meiji PeriodBakuto: Outlaws, Robin Hoods, Local LeadersBakuto and the Meiji RestorationBakuto as Political Violence Specialists: The Freedom and People's Rights MovementChapter 2. Violent Democracy: Ruffians and the Birth of Parliamentary PoliticsFrom Activist to Ruffian: Soshi in the 1880sExporting Violence: Nationalist Tairiku Ronin across BordersParliamentary Politics and the Professionalization of SoshiState Violence and the Second General ElectionChapter 3. Institutionalized Ruffianism and a Culture of Political ViolenceThe Jiyuto Ingaidan and Its BossesThe Seiyukai Ingaidan in Party PoliticsCultures of Violence: Yakuza Bosses in Diet PoliticsChapter 4. Fascist Violence: Ideology and Power in Prewar JapanFascist IdeologiesFascist ViolenceThe Nationalist Nexus in the Metropole and BeyondViolence in the Decline of the Political PartiesChapter 5. Democracy Reconstructed: Violence Specialists in the Postwar PeriodThe Decline of Soshi and the Remaking of Ingaidan ViolenceViolence as a Political and Discursive Weapon in Diet Politics"Boryokudan" Redux: Yakuza and the Conservative Nexus1960: The Apogee of Postwar Violence SpecialistsCoda: Political Violence after 1960AfterwordViolence and DemocracyViolence, Fascism, MilitarismViolence Specialists and HistoryA Contemporary Perspective on Violent DemocracyGlossaryNotesBibliographyIndex

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